Barolo

100% Nebbiolo grapes

Must have greater than 12.5 percent alcohol

Must be aged a minimum of 3 years, with two of those in oak or chestnut casks

Barbaresco

100% Nebbiolo grapes

Must have greater than 12.5 percent alcohol

Must be aged 2 years, with one year in oark or chestnut casks

Barbara

Barbara grapes produce this vibrant wine that is naturally high in acidity but low in tannins.

Chianti

At least 75% Sangiovese grapes

Chianti - Light tannin, light to medium body and fruit

Chianti Classico - A bit more full bodied, very fruit forward, more complex

Chianti Classico Riserva - Highest bodied and most complex. Requires aging of 2 years and 3 months in the bottle

Dolcetto

Dolcetto grapes

Amarone

Corvina, Rodinella, Molinara and other grapes

Valpolicella

Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara grapes

Bardolino

Corvina, Rondinella, Molinara and Negrara grapes

Montepulciano

Sangiovese grapes with small amounts of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot

Must be barrel aged for at least one year and matured in the bottle for at least 3 years

Super Tuscans

Produced in the region of Tuscany.

Do not have to adhere to traditional local DOC regulations.

Some super Tuscanscontain Sangiovese, either 100 percent or in blends. Others are made solely from Merlot, others from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah, or from even more unusual blends, like Petit Verdot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Merlot.   Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc grapes are used for whites

Most super Tuscans use the legal appellation of IGT (Indicazione Geografica Tipica) which gives producers more flexibility than Chianti and other Tuscan DOCs